Aegiceras corniculatum, commonly known as Black Mangrove, River Mangrove or Khalsi, is a species of shrub or treemangrove in the Myrsinefamily (or Primrose family) with a distribution in coastal and estuarine areas ranging from India through South East Asia to southern China, New Guinea and Australia.
Aegiceras corniculatum grows as a shrub or small tree up to 7 m high, though often considerably less. Its leaves are alternate, obovate, 30–100 mm long and 15–50 mm wide, entire, leathery and minutely dotted. Its fragrant, small, white flowers are produced as umbellate clusters of 10–30, with a peduncle up to 10 mm long and with pedicels 10–18 mm long. The calyx is 2–4 mm long and corolla 4–6 mm long. The fruit is curved and cylindrical or horn-shaped, light green to pink in colour and 20–75 mm long. It grows in mud in estuaries and tidal creeks, often at the seaward edge of the mangrove zone.
Aegiceras corniculatum extract has analgesic properties.
- ^Ellison, J.; Koedam, N.E.; Wang, Y.; Primavera, J.; Jin Eong, O.; Wan-Hong Yong, J. & Ngoc Nam, V. (2010). "Aegiceras corniculatum". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2010: e.T178797A7608891. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-2.RLTS.T178797A7608891.en. Retrieved 13 January 2018.
- ^ ab"Aegiceras corniculatum". PlantNET - New South Wales Flora Online. Royal Botanic Gardens & Domain Trust. Retrieved 2010-05-20.
- ^"Aegiceras corniculatum". FloraBase. Department of Environment and Conservation, Western Australia. Retrieved 2010-05-20.
- ^Roome, Talat; Dar, Ahsana; Naqvi, Sabira; Choudhary, M. Iqbal (2011). "Evaluation of antinociceptive effect of Aegiceras corniculatum stems extracts and its possible mechanism of action in rodents". Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 135 (2): 351–8. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2011.03.025. PMID 21419211.
Common name: River Mangrove
Aegiceras corniculatum (L.) Blanco APNI*
Description: Mostly a shrub to c. 4 m high.
Leaves alternate, ± obovate, 3–10 cm long, 1.5–5 cm wide, entire, leathery, minutely dotted.
Umbellate clusters 10–30-flowered; peduncle 0–10 mm long; pedicels 10–18 mm long. Flowers fragrant. Calyx 2–4 mm long. Corolla 4–6 mm long, white.
Fruit curved-cylindrical, mostly 2–4 cm long.
Distribution and occurrence: Common mangrove north from about Tuross Head
Usually with Avicennia marina but extends farther upstream and more inland than that species.
NSW subdivisions: NC, CC, SC, LHI
Other Australian states: Qld W.A. N.T.
Formerly in Myrsinaceae.
Text by G. J. Harden (1990, 2000)
Taxon concept: Flora of NSW 1 (1990)
APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.